Individual’s Waste Disposal Practice in Urbanizing Cities: the Case of Hanoi City, Vietnam

Authors: Nguyen Thi Kim Hoa, Nguyen Thi Kim Nhung and Nguyen Thi Nhu Trang

Journal: European Journal of Social Sciences

Volume 52, Issue 2


This paper is to provide a descriptive analysis of individuals’ waste disposal practice in Hanoi, a crowded city experiencing rapid economic growth and urbanization. Data for this paper was collected from a self-reported questionnaire survey with 400 residents in Hanoi, and sixteen semi-structured interviews with both local authorities and residents. Results show that whereas most of residents in Hanoi were well aware of how important proper waste disposal was, and had opposing attitude towards others’ fly tipping, many of them threw waste improperly at their convenience. While individuals’ socio-demographic attributes were found to have quite weak relationships with waste disposal practice, a significant association between individuals’ bond to community and their waste disposal practice was detected in this study, showing that the more residents are bonded to the community, the less likely they will discard waste improperly.

Keywords: Waste disposal behavior, social bond, developing countries, urbanization, attitude towards improper waste disposal, awareness, reaction to fly-tipping.


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